Tanzanite Stone: The Jewel of Eastern Africa

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What is Tanzanite Stone?

Tanzanite stone is a rare and valuable gemstone known for its stunning blue-violet color. It belongs to the mineral species zoisite and is named after its country of origin, Tanzania, where it was first discovered in 1967. Tanzanite’s beautiful color is a result of the presence of trace amounts of vanadium in the gemstone.

Tanzanite stone is notable for its pleochroism, which means it can display different colors when viewed from different angles. In the case of tanzanite, it typically appears blue when viewed under natural daylight, violet under incandescent light, and sometimes exhibits flashes of burgundy. This color-changing characteristic adds to its allure and makes tanzanite a highly prized gemstone. The primary source of tanzanite is the Merelani Hills in northern Tanzania. This limited geographic origin contributes to the gemstone’s rarity and exclusivity.

Tanzanite’s rarity, remarkable color, and stunning appeal have made it highly regarded in the world of gemstones. Whether cherished for its aesthetics, collectability, or believed magical properties, tanzanite remains a cherished and prized gemstone among jewelry enthusiasts and gem lovers.

Tanzanite Stone


What Makes It So Special?

Tanzanite stone is renowned for its exceptional beauty and unique characteristics, which contribute to its special status among gemstones. Here are some aspects that make tanzanite stone so special:

Rare Origin: Tanzanite is found in only one place on Earth, the Merelani Hills in northern Tanzania. This exclusive geographic origin adds to its rarity and allure. Unlike many gemstones that are found in multiple locations, tanzanite’s limited supply makes it a truly unique and sought-after gemstone.

Stunning Color: Tanzanite’s mesmerizing blue-violet color sets it apart from other gemstones. The gemstone’s color spans from strong blues to deep violets, and it frequently shows pleochroism, a phenomenon that has the property of changing colors depending on the angle at which it is seen. The stone’s look is given an additional dimension by its color-changing quality, which makes it incredibly appealing and valuable.

Rarity and Value: As tanzanite is found in a single location and with limited reserves, its availability is diminishing over time. This rarity contributes to its value and makes tanzanite an attractive investment for collectors and enthusiasts alike. The scarcity of tanzanite ensures its exclusivity and adds a sense of prestige to those who possess it.


Optical Brilliance: Tanzanite possesses excellent light reflection and dispersion properties. When properly cut and faceted, it exhibits a beautiful play of colors and remarkable brilliance. The gemstone’s ability to reflect light enhances its overall visual appeal and creates a captivating sparkle.

Metaphysical Properties: Tanzanite is accepted to possess magical properties and is associated with spiritual and healing qualities. It is thought to promote spiritual growth, enhance intuition, and facilitate deep meditation. Many individuals are drawn to tanzanite not only for its physical beauty but also for the positive energy it is believed to emit.

Versatility in Jewelry: Tanzanite’s striking color and versatility make it a popular choice for jewelry designers. It can be cut into various shapes and sizes, allowing for creative and unique jewelry designs. Tanzanite jewelry, whether in rings, necklaces, earrings, or bracelets, exudes elegance and sophistication.

History & Origin of Tanzanite Stone:

The history and origin of tanzanite stone are relatively recent and fascinating. Tanzanite’s origin story, combined with its exceptional beauty and rarity, has added to its allure and made it a gemstone of significant importance. Tanzanite was discovered in 1967 in the foothills of Mount Kilimanjaro in northern Tanzania, East Africa. The gemstone’s name pays homage to its country of origin, reflecting the pride Tanzanians felt for this unique find.

The discovery of tanzanite is attributed to a Maasai tribesman named Ali Juuyawatu, who came across some vivid blue crystals on the ground while herding his cattle. Recognizing their potential value, he brought the crystals to a prospector named Manuel de Souza, who realized they were a new and significant gemstone.

In 1968, Tiffany & Co., a renowned jewelry company, recognized the gemstone’s unique appeal and became its main proponent. They named tanzanite a birthstone for December, further enhancing its significance and desirability. Since its discovery, tanzanite has been embraced by the jewelry industry and has become highly popular worldwide. The Tanzanian government has also taken steps to protect and regulate tanzanite mining, ensuring its sustainability and value.

Caring for Your Tanzanite Stone:

Caring for your tanzanite stone is essential to maintaining its beauty and ensuring its longevity. While tanzanite is relatively durable, it still requires proper care and attention.

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Some guidelines to help you take care of your tanzanite stone:

Handle your tanzanite jewelry with care to avoid any accidental impacts or scratches. Tanzanite is sensitive to extreme temperature changes. Avoid exposing your tanzanite jewelry to high heat, such as direct sunlight or prolonged exposure to hot water.

Thermal shock can cause thermal fractures or color changes in the stone. It’s best to remove your tanzanite jewelry before engaging in activities like hot showers or using hot tubs.

To clean your tanzanite jewelry, use mild soap or detergent mixed with lukewarm water. Gently scrub the stone with a soft brush or cloth, ensuring you reach all the facets.

A professional jeweler can check for any loose prongs, inspect the overall condition of the setting, and ensure your tanzanite stone remains secure and in optimal condition.


Tanzanite is a truly beautiful gem with its mesmerizing blue-violet color, rarity, and unique characteristics. Its origin in Tanzania, limited supply, and remarkable beauty have contributed to its special status in the world of gemstones. With proper care and maintenance, this exceptional gemstone can be enjoyed for generations, serving as a symbol of elegance and sophistication.

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