Some Causes of Dark Spots on Skin and Ways to Remove Them

Dark Spots on skin are a common feature and often occur due to acne scars, injuries, etc. Most times, they do appear as pimples heal on the face and the body produces certain cells to replace the damaged skin. If these cells contain a high amount of melanin, which is responsible for pigmentation, it brings about Postinflammatory Hyperpigmentation, which is popularly referred to as “Dark spots” before clearing completely.

dark spots on skin

Photo Credit Times Square Chronicles

Though these dark spots on skin tend to get resolved on their own, it usually involves a long process that is slow and runs into months before clearing completely. It is pertinent to note that anything causes inflammation on the skin, such as picking, squeezing etc thus making dark patches to show up on the affected area.

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Here are some major causes of dark spots on skin;

Acne

Aging

Facial hair removal

Melasma

Injuries

Medications

Hyperpigmentation due to excessive exposure of the skin to the sun, etc.

TREATMENT OF DARK SPOTS

Dark spots can be treated in the following ways;

Micro-dermabrasion

Laser treatment

Chemical exfoliation

Use of Skincare products containing the following:

  • Vitamin C
  • Azelaic acid
  • Pomegranate extract
  • Beta carotene
  • Licorice
  • Vitamin E
  • Retinoids

HOME REMEDIES FOR TREATMENT OF DARK SPOTS ON THE FACE

The following home remedies can be used for the treatment of dark spots on the face;

LEMON JUICE

Dark Spots on Skin lemon

Photo Credit Boldsky

Lemon juice contains vitamin C, which lightens the skin and gives it an even tone. It is responsible for depigmentation which reduces melanin formation.

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ALOE VERA

dark spotsd on skin aloe vera

Phot Credit Farmers Almanac

Experts say that the consistent use of aloe vera balances melanin levels in the cells. Aloe vera contains a compound called aloesin. This compound has been experimentally proven to be effective in treating UV-induced and post-acne hyperpigmentation.

GRAPE SEED EXTRACT

The extract from grape seeds has a high healing effect on acne scars and dark spots. Due to its vitamin E and linoleic acid content, grape seed oil lightens skin discolorations like acne scars and sunspots. Studies have shown that it can help speed up the healing process. It can also help to reduce the formation of keloid scars commonly caused by severe burns, cuts, or acne.

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SUN PROTECTION

dark spots on skin sun block

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Using good screen protection assists in reducing the risks of hyperpigmentation that results from excessive exposure of the skin to the sun.

The appearance of dark spots on the face may be a cause of great concern for some people and lead them to try out multiple ways to get rid of it.

However, care should be taken in picking from treatment options as some chemicals could thin the layers of the skin, thereby exposing it to more damage.

By Mandu Akpan

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