MAKE-UP involves a variety of techniques and styles of the latest trends and fashion of makeup, geared to encourage skills and enhance one’s natural features. Makeup produces dramatic and immediate changes in one’s appearance, the application of the makeup may vary greatly on one’s/clients’ needs.
Skin type is determined by how oily or dry the skin is. The first thing you should look for is the presence or absence of visible pores(follicles), Obvious pores indicate oily skin areas, and lack of visible pores indicates dry skin.
SKIN SIGNS OF SKIN TYPES
- OILY ~Obvious, Large Pores
- DRY~ Pores very small and not visible
- NORMAL ~Even pore distribution throughout skin, Very soft smooth surface, Lack of wrinkles
- COMBINATION~ Pores not visible or become smaller towards the outer edges of the face and a wider distribution of obvious large pores down the center of the face extending to the outer cheeks.
Using a face primer before applying any makeup to the face is important. This helps to create a smooth canvas for your makeup, It also keeps your makeup in place, keeps it from moving, and can keep it matte or luminous,” depending on the formula and your skin. Not only does it give you an even base, but it also helps lock everything else in.
Also known as BASE MAKEUP, is a tinted cosmetic used to cover or even out the coloring of the skin. Choosing the correct foundation/color is extremely important in making makeup look natural. The foundation should be as close to your/client’s natural skin as possible.
TYPES OF FOUNDATION~ CREAM, LIQUID/MATTE, STICK
- LIQUID FOUNDATION (Water-Based Foundation)- Mostly used for lighter coverage needs and it’s better for oily to combination skin types. They dry quickly and produce a matte finish.
- CREAM FOUNDATION (Oil Based Foundation)- Considerably a thicker product and it’s often sold in a jar or tin. They provide a heavier coverage and are usually intended for dry skin types.
- STICK FOUNDATION- Great option for anyone with combination or oily skin, who is looking for extra coverage. This doesn’t mean that your skin will end up looking cakey or feeling heavy.
TYPES OF CONCEALERS;
- Liquid Concealers- Gives a matte finish and will last longer than a satin finish. For normal, combination, oily or sensitive skin.
- Stick Concealers- Has a semi-solid, creamy texture (comparable to lipstick) and often contains a lot of piment. Perfect for normal, dry and sensitive skin.
- Cream Concealers- For medium to full coverage, ideal for normal, dry or sensitive skin.Color-Correcting Concealers- Best suited for skin tone problems (dark circles under the eyes or persistent redness).
Color Correcting Concealer Palette
A thick, heavy type foundation used to hide dark circles, dark splotches, and other imperfections, also compared to color correctors and when blended into the skin, are supposed to look natural and seamless.
Color Correcting Guide
Concealers are also used to brighten/highlight your under eyes and high-points of your face like nose bridge, the center of forehead, and chin. Pick a concealer 1-2 shades lighter than your natural skin tone.
Contour is darker than a concealer, it helps shape and accentuates your facial features. This can be accomplished by choosing a concealer shade 2-3 shades darker than your natural skin tone.
Face powders are used to add a matte or non-shiny finish to the face. It helps to absorb excess oil and minimizes the shine of oily skin. Face powders come in two forms: Loose and Pressed.
- Translucent Powders- Comes in both forms of loose and pressed. Commonly used to mattify and prevent shine while not altering the colors of your concealer or foundation.
- Finishing Powders- Used to conceal the appearance of the pores or fine lines.
- Pressed Compact Powders- Pressed powder is to do with the texture of the product. A lot of compact powders that are pressed in compact form come pigmented, so you can find one that works for your skin tone.
- Loose Powders- Just like pressed face powder, the loose option can also be mineral or translucent or finishing or all of the above.
- Banana/Setting Powders- It’s a yellow-toned powder that not only is used to set concealers but also color correct to, perfect for disguising dark circles and blemishes.
- Blush Powders- Also known as cheek color or Rouge is used to add a natural-looking glow to the cheeks, but it can also be used to add a little extra color to the face.
- Contour/Bronzing Powders- Basically a set of pressed powders that are a few shades lighter and darker than your skin tone. This powder is usually applied to the hollows of cheeks under highlight, jawline area, nose, and forehead area.
- Highlighter Powders- Pressed Powder highlighter is an excellent choice if you are looking to add a more subtle glow to your everyday look, you can use a brush to dust a little highlighter on your cheekbones, chin, nose, and forehead.
Lip color also known as Lipstick or Lip-gloss, is a paste-like cosmetic used to change or enhance the color of the lips.
Lip color is available in many forms such as;
All lip liners are colored pencils used to outline the lips and to keep the lipstick/lip-gloss from bleeding into small lines across the mouth, it is applied before the lip color to define the shape of the lip.
Lip Liners are available as;
- Thin Pencils
- Thick Pencils
- Automatic Roll-up Pencils
Essentials For The Brows
Reshaping and defining the brows can be an art in itself, well-groomed brows are part of a complete and effective make-up application. The ideal brow shape can be drawn in 3 lines, to reshape or clean up brows before any makeup look you can simply wax or shave the eyebrows, this will make it easier to fill in any gaps or spaces in brows.
Eye-Shadow Primer is worth having especially if you have oily lids this helps break down the makeup as well as deals with creasing, fading, or just not having the eye shadow be as vibrant as you want it. Concealers can totally act as an eyeshadow primer as well, it will neutralize discoloration and create an even, a blank canvas for your eye makeup.
Eye-Shadows are cosmetics applied on the eyelids to accentuate or contour them. They are available in almost every color of the rainbow, from warm to cool, neutral to bright, light to dark.
They come in a variety of finishes such as;
They are available in Cream, Stick, Pressed Powder, Pigment, and Dry Powder forms.
Eyeliners are used to outline and emphasize the eyes these are available in a variety of colors in Pencils, Liquid, pressed (Cake) or Felt Tip Pen form. You can create a line on the eyelid close to the lashes to make the eyes appear larger and the lashes appear fuller. Eyeliner pencils are available in both Soft and Hard forms for use on the eyebrows as well as the upper and lower eyelid.
Mascaras are used to darken, define and thicken the eyelashes. Mascara may be used on all lashes from the inner to outer corners.
Strip lashes also known as band lashes are eyelash hairs on a strip that are applied with an adhesive to the natural lash line. They are available in a variety of sizes, textures, and colors. Eyelash Adhesive is used to make the artificial eyelashes adhere or stick to the natural lash line.
Before any make-up look/ procedure you must always do these 3 steps, this is to help prep the face for your makeup.
- CLEANSE~ using make-up cleansing pads/Wipes.
- TONE~ Use a facial toner/astringent that’s appropriate for your skin.
- MOISTURISE/PRIME~ Apply a moisturizer/primer that is appropriate for your skin type.
Photos: Google Images & Pinterest
Recommended4 recommendationsPublished in