Dark spots on the face (pimples) are a common skin disorder that happens when the skin generates too much melanin and can cause dark spots on the face. Sun exposure, scarring, age, and other factors can cause this.
And in this article, we’re happy to share with you, how you can get rid of the dark spots on your face.
Some dark spots are completely safe. However, if a person wishes to improve their appearance, topical treatments are usually the best option.
Hyperpigmentation causes black spots, which will be discussed in this article. It will go through what causes them, how to get rid of them, and what treatment options are available. It will also examine procedures and elements that should be avoided.
What causes dark spots on your face?
If the skin overproduces melanin, the pigment that gives skin its color, dark spots might develop. Hyperpigmentation is the term for this condition.
Dark spots can be produced by the following:
- Exposure to sun
- Hormonal changes due to pregnancy or menopause
The post-inflammatory darkening can also be caused by skin injury (PIH). People may develop PIH as a result of the following factors:
- Incorrect hair removal techniques
- Ingrown Hairs
- Harsh skincare products
Dark patches on the face are caused by a variety of factors, including hyperpigmentation. As a result, if a person notices any changes to existing moles or dark spots, especially changes in texture, color, or size, they should consult a doctor.
Many over-the-counter (OTC) products are available to help fade black spots. They’ll usually include active substances like:
- kojic acid
- chemical exfoliants
- vitamin C
- azelaic acid
On the label of these products will be instructions on how to use them. However, before using them, you should consult with a dermatologist because some of them have side effects.
Hydroquinone is a common component in hyperpigmentation products. It acts by lowering melanin production. The level of hydroquinone in over-the-counter products is around half that of prescription-only product.
Hydroquinone is a common component in hyperpigmentation products. It acts by lowering melanin production. The level of hydroquinone in over-the-counter products is around half that of prescription-only products. It has been banned in some countries due to safety concerns.
For example, may cause cancer in rats, according to research published in 2007Trusted Source.
Hydroquinone can irritate the skin, especially when used in higher quantities. If a person does not apply it correctly, it may lighten the skin around the black areas.
Another popular therapy for dark spots on the face is kojic acid. It may, however, be less effective than other treatments.
In a research published in 2013, True Source compared 0.75 percent kojic acid to 4 percent hydroquinone for treating melasma in 60 persons. Hydroquinone, according to the researchers, is more effective.
It can irritate the skin and is not recommended for everyone.
Also known as Vitamin A. They promote the production of new skin cells, which helps to remove dark spots over time.
For severe hyperpigmentation, doctors may prescribe a professional-strength retinoid, such as tretinoin. It might take 3–6 months for these products to start working. The more potent the retinoid, the more likely it is to irritate the skin.
Because retinoids make the skin more sensitive to UV radiation, it’s critical to apply a safe SPF on the face every day while using them.
Exfoliants made of chemicals
Acids that disintegrate the top layer of skin cells are known as chemical exfoliants. Alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs), such as lactic acid, and beta hydroxy acids (BHAs), such as salicylic acid, are among them.
Chemical exfoliants function by speeding up the production of new skin cells. They’re also good for people with dry or sensitive skin. These acids, like retinoids, enhance the skin’s sensitivity to the sun.
You can also use Cosmetic products to get rid of dark spots on face!
Some people may want to pursue cosmetic operations if topical medications do not properly diminish hyperpigmentation.
A dermatologist uses Laser therapy to target spots of discoloration in laser treatment. Because there’s a chance that laser therapy can exacerbate discoloration, patch testing is required beforehand.
Professional chemical peels are stronger versions of over-the-counter acid exfoliants. Stronger peels target deeper layers of the skin, but they also require more time to heal.
Microdermabrasion is an exfoliating therapy that removes dead skin cells using tiny particles. There is no healing time, however, the skin may become inflamed or swollen momentarily.
Home remedies for dark spots on face
Various home treatments, according to several items and internet sources, can erase dark spots.
The following are a few examples:
- aloe vera gel
- beta carotene
- green tea
- licorice root
- pomegranate extract
- soy milk
- tea tree oil
- lemon juice
Most of these statements, however, are backed up by little or no data.
Some home cures for dark spots are safe, while others may cause skin damage.
Lemon juice, for example, is extremely acidic and should not be consumed undiluted. Similarly, essential oils should not be applied to the skin undiluted.
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